When one reads the first two chapters of Genesis, the phrase “and God said” repeatedly occurs. That statement was a declaration from One who is absolute Truth. No questions were raised and none were needed for the omniscience of God knew at one time all that is to be known in its entirety. His perfect knowledge perceived simultaneously all that would occur with its implications and ramifications. “He counts the number of the stars; He gives names to all of them. Great is our Lord, and abundant in strength; His understanding is infinite” (Ps 147:4-5 NASB).
In creating man, God, by His sovereign choice, gave man a will to function within the framework of His knowledge. Therefore, there are no surprises in God’s plan, since He knows perfectly and eternally all that is knowable, whether actual or possible. So that mankind could choose to worship Him and have a relationship with Him without coercion, He weaved together into a tapestry of His grace His will and man’s decisions. That permitted mankind the freedom to function in God’s Plan or not, and subject to the consequences already divinely determined and known by His omniscience.
The psalmist expressed this truth … “The LORD looks from heaven; He sees all the sons of men; from His dwelling place He looks out on all the inhabitants of the earth, He who fashions the hearts of them all, He who understands all their works” (Ps 33:13-15 NASB). The Apostle Paul wrote to the churches in Rome… “Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways! For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who became His counselor? Or who has first given to Him that it might be paid back to him again? For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen” (Rom 11:33-36 NASB).
Thus, Genesis begins -- and God said! It is not until Adam gazed upon the beautiful creative act of God in providing him a wife, that the first man speaks, "This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man” (Gen 2:23 NASB). All was well in the Garden, in fact, all was perfect. God had declared it so. However, the adversary who opposes God entered the stage of human history and in his subtlety raised the first question found in Scripture … “indeed has God said” (Gen 3:1b NABS)?
Though Eve was unaware of the continuing spiritual warfare that existed in the heavenlies, the adversary in his craftiness was questioning the very character and integrity of his Creator. Subtlety gave way to brash arrogance as the adversary, recognizing that Eve failed to accurately restate God’s admonition not to eat of the tree in the middle of the Garden, declared … “You surely shall not die! "For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil” (Gen 3:4-5 NASB).
The spiritual warfare had now engulfed humanity. Adam had acquired a sin nature and all his progeny would be born alienated from God. Was God surprised? No, for in eternity past, before He created man, He knew that Adam would disobey and sink the human race into sin and spiritual death. Omniscience foreknew all those events and decisions and that of every person thereafter. Therefore, God ordained the means of salvation before the worlds were formed … “in order that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, that no one should boast” (Eph 2:8-9 NASB).