Principle 1:

ESSENCE.

This principle recognizes the Essence of God and that His Essence is not compromised. 

It is thus vitally important to know the basic characteristics of God's Essence.  As you, the student, come to know Him to a greater degree (not just about Him, compare Philippians 3:10), you will become more proficient in understanding what He has to say. 

We will now go through a brief introduction of the Essence of God. Please realize and consider that these verses are only representative of many verses that are found in the Scriptures that document God's Character.  For the sake of simplicity, only a few of His qualities are mentioned.  Also, you will find three verses given with each quality. 

·           The first bracket ( ) will denote the verses that are for the Father;

·           The second < > will be the verses for the Son;

·           And the third bracket [ ] will be for the Holy Spirit.

God is SOVEREIGN meaning that He is King—supreme authority—and acts accordingly.  (Dan. 4:17; 1 Tim. 1:17; Ps. 47:2,7), < Rev. 19:16; John 5:21 >,  [Zech. 4:6; 1 Pet. 4:14; 1 Cor 12:11].

God is absolute righteousness meaning that He is perfect in every way.  (John 17:25; 1 John 1:5), < 1 John 2:1; Luke 1:35; Heb. 7:26 >, [Isa. 32:15-18; Ps. 143:10; Ne. 9:20].

God is JUST meaning that he is totally and completely fair.  (Isa. 45:21; Job 37:23), < John 5:22,30; Rev. 19:11 >, [Isa. 4:4; 28:6].

God is LOVE meaning that perfect and unconditional love is found in Him.  (1 John 4:8-10; Titus 3:4; John 17:24-26), < John 15:9 >, [Gal. 5:22}.

God is ETERNAL LIFE meaning that He always has been and always will be.  (Isa. 57:15), < John 8:54; 1 John 5:11-12; Mic. 5:2; Rev. 1:8,17 >, [Heb 9:14].

God is OMNIPOTENT meaning that He has the power to do anything.  (Mark 14:36; 1 Pet. 1:5), < Matt. 28:18; Rev. 19:6 >, [2 Tim. 1:7; Rom. 15:13].

God is OMNIPRESENT meaning that He is everywhere at the same time and with the same intensity.  (Prov. 15:3; 2 Chr. 2:6), < Matt. 18:20; 28:20 >, [Psa. 139:7-16].

God is OMNISCIENT meaning that He knows everything past, present and future.  (Psa. 139:1-6; Heb 4:13), < John 2:24,25; 18:4; Matt. 9:4 >, [1 Cor. 2:10-11; Isa. 11:2].

God is absolute TRUTH.  (Deut. 32:4; John 7:28; 17:3), < John 14:6; 1 John 5:20 >, [1 John 5:7,8; 4:6; John 14:17; 15:26; 16:13].

God is IMMUTABLE meaning that His Essence never changes.  (James 1:17; Heb. 6:17; Mal. 3:6), < Heb. 13:8 >, [1 Cor. 12:4; Eph. 1:13].

 

PRINCIPLE # 2: 

INTERPRET CHRISTOLOGICALLY.

This principle is based on the fact that all history, both angelic and human, is focused on Jesus Christ.  It recognizes that Jesus Christ is the Creator of all things (John 1:1,3,14; Col. 1:16-17), the Alpha and Omega (beginning and end) (Rev 1:8), the one and only God who became man (Phil. 2:6-8).

As we seek to understand God's Word, we must determine how our interpretation relates to the Lord Jesus Christ.

Jesus Christ is found in every book of the Bible:

Old Testament

Genesis:  He is the Creator and Seed of the woman.  (Gen. 1:1; 3:15)

Exodus:  He is the Lamb of God slain for sinners.  (Ex. 12)

Leviticus:  He is our High Priest.  (entire book)

Numbers:  He is the Star out of Jacob.  (Num. 24:17)

Deuteronomy:  He is the Prophet like unto Moses.  (Deut. 18:15)

Joshua:  He is the Captain of the Lord's Hosts.  (Josh. 5:13-15)

Judges:  He is the Messenger of Jehovah.  (3:15-30)

Ruth:  He is our Kinsman Redeemer.  (Ruth 3)

Samuel:  He is the Despised and Rejected King.  (1 Sam. 16-19)

Kings & Chronicles:  He is the Lord of Heaven and Earth.  (Entire books)

Esther:  He is our Mordecai; lt. “small man or worshipper (humble before God)”  (Est. 10 he becomes “the protector” or “deliverer”)

Job:  He is our Risen and Returning Redeemer.  (Job 19:25)

Psalms:

          He is the Blessed Man of 1.

          He is the Son of God of 2.

          He is the Crucified One of 22.

          He is the Risen One of 23.

          He is the Coming One of 24.

          He is the Reigning One of 72.

          He is the Leader of Praise of 150.

Proverbs:  He is our Wisdom.  (Prov. 4)

Ecclesiastes:  He is the Forgotten Wise Man.  (Eccl. 9:14-15)

Song of Solomon:  He is "my Beloved."  (Sg. 2:16)

Isaiah:  He is our Suffering Substitute.  (Isa. 53)

Jeremiah:  He is the Lord our Righteousness.  (Jer. 23:6)

Lamentations:  He is the Man of Sorrows.  (Lam. 1:12-18)

Ezekiel:  He is the Throne Sitter.  (Ezek. 1:26)

Daniel:  He is the Smiting Stone.  (Dan. 2:34)

Hosea:  He is David's Greater King.  (Hos. 3:5)

Joel:  He is the Lord of Bounty.  (Joel 2:18-19)

Amos:  He is the Rescuer of Israel.  (Amos 3:12)

Obadiah:  He is the Deliverer upon Mount Zion.  (Obad. 17)

Jonah:  He is the Buried and Risen Savior.  (Entire book)

Micah:  He is the Everlasting God.  (Mic. 5:2)

Nahum:  he is our Stronghold in the Day of Wrath.  (Na. 1:7)

Habakkuk:  He is the Anchor of our Faith.  (Hab. 2:4)

Zephaniah:  He is in the Midst for Judgment and Cleansing.  (Zeph. 3:5,15)

Haggai:  He is the Smitten Shepherd.  (Hag. 13:7)

Zechariah:  He is the Branch.  (Zech. 3:8)

Malachi:  He is the Sun of Righteousness.  (Mal. 4:2)

New Testament

Matthew:  He is the King of the Jews.  (Matt. 2:1)

Mark:  He is the Servant of Jehovah.  (The Servant who rules and the Ruler who serves)

Luke:  He is the Perfect Son of Man.  (Luke 3:38; 4:1-13)

John:  He is the Son of God.  (John 1:1)

Acts:  He is the Ascended Lord.  (Acts 1:8-9)

Romans:  He is our Righteousness.  (Rom. 3:22)

1 Corinthians:  He is the First-Fruits from the dead.  (1 Cor. 15:20)

2 Corinthians:  He is made Sin for us.  (2 Cor. 5:21)

Galatians:  He is the End of the Law.  (Gal. 3:10,13)

Ephesians:  He is our Armor.  (Eph. 6:11-18)

Philippians:  He is the Supplier of Every Need.  (Phil. 4:19)

Colossians:  He is the Preeminent One.  (Col. 1:18)

1 Thessalonians:  He is our Returning Lord.  (1 Thess. 4:15-18)

2 Thessalonians:  He is the World's Returning Judge.  (2 Thess. 1:7-9)

1 Timothy:  He is the Mediator.  (1 Tim. 2:5)

2 Timothy:  He is the Bestower of Crowns.  (2 Tim. 4:8)

Titus:  He is our Great God and Savior.  (Titus 2:13)

Philemon:  He is the Father's Partner.  (Phm. 17-19)

Hebrews:  He is the Rest of Faith and Fulfiller of Types.  (Heb. 9; 11; 12:1,2)

James:  He is Lord of Sabbath.  (James 5:4)

1 Peter:  He is the Theme of Old Testament Prophecy.  (1 Pet. 1:10-11)

2 Peter:  He is the Long Suffering Savior.  (2 Pet. 3:9)

1 John:  He is the Word of Life.  (1 John 1:1)

2 John:  He is the Target of the Antichrist.  (2 John 7)

3 John:  He is the Personification of Truth.  (3 John 3,4)

Jude:  He is the Believer's Security.  (Jude 24,25)

Revelation:  He is the King of Kings and Lord of Lords.  (Rev. 19:11-16)